A Muntinlupa City court acquitted her of one of three charges on February 17, 2021.
Before her arrest, de Lima, as head of the Senate Committee on Justice and Human Rights, had begun a public inquiry into the “drug war” killings that started after President Rodrigo Duterte took office in June 2016.
The authorities detained her at the headquarters of the Philippine National Police in Quezon City and eventually brought three drug charges against her. In detention, she has been held incommunicado for long periods, not allowed to use electronic devices, faced severe restrictions on visits, and has often been prevented by police escorts from talking to reporters on her way to court hearings, Human Rights Watch said.
“The fabricated charges against Senator Leila de Lima are not only an outrageous abuse of her basic rights, but also emblematic of the Duterte administration’s oppressive rule,” said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch.
“The Philippines authorities should drop the remaining charges against Senator de Lima, free her immediately and fully restore her rights and privileges as a senator.”
The charges against de Lima, most of which are based on dubious testimony from convicted felons, appear intended by the Duterte administration to silence the President’s most outspoken critic, Human Rights Watch said.
Early in his term, Duterte vowed to destroy De Lima who, in her previous role as chair of the national Commission on Human Rights, had investigated summary executions by “death squads” in Davao City, where Duterte was mayor for more than two decades.
In 2016 Duterte and his allies stripped De Lima of the leadership of the Justice and Human Rights committee, effectively shutting down the investigation in which former Davao death squad members had testified that Duterte ordered the killings.
At the same time, the Department of Justice, which De Lima headed before running for the Senate, and leaders of the Duterte-controlled House of Representatives opened a withering and misogynistic vilification campaign against De Lima, fueled by social media.
Duterte threatened to release a sex video of the senator and her driver that was later revealed to be fake.
The United Nations, foreign governments and domestic and international human rights organizations have long spoken out against De Lima’s wrongful treatment. In 2018, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention declared that De Lima’s arrest and detention violated international law and that she should be freed.
The UN Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, in its report in June 2020, said De Lima had been “arbitrarily detained.”
The US Congress passed a resolution in 2019 urging her release. The European parliament did the same in 2017, repeating the call in September 2020. Amnesty International named her a “prisoner of conscience” in 2018.
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