The opposition motion passed in the House of Commons by a vote of 326 to 3.
The governing Liberals, the Bloc Quebecois and NDP all voted in favour of the Conservative motion.
Members of the Green Party voted against.
The move comes less than a month after new U.S. President Joe Biden was sworn into office.
Conservative leader O’Toole criticizes Trudeau over Biden’s cancellation of Keystone XL project
Hours after he was inaugurated, Biden signed an executive order to revoke a presidential permit that would have seen the expansion of the Keystone XL pipeline.
The decision dealt a particularly hard blow to Alberta and Saskatchewan, whose energy sectors were depending on the US$8 billion project to continue.
The Alberta government last spring invested US$1.1 billion in the project.
Alberta Premier Jason Kenney called the move a “gut punch” and has called for compensation.
Days after the permit was revoked, Trudeau and Biden spoke by phone, in what was the president’s first call with a foreign leader.
According to the official readout of the call, Trudeau “raised Canada’s disappointment with the United States’ decision on the Keystone XL pipeline.”
“The Prime Minister underscored the important economic and energy security benefits of our bilateral energy relationship as well as his support for energy workers,” the readout from the Prime Minister’s Office said.
The new committee will be tasked with producing reports on those issues by certain deadlines, and also have the power to call the deputy prime minister, foreign affairs minister and the Canadian ambassador to the U.S. as witnesses.
The committee is expected to study not only the Keystone XL pipeline expansion project, but also the Enbridge pipeline known as Line 5.
It will also study the Buy American provisions announced by Biden late last month.
More to come…
— With a file from Global News’ David Lao
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