UK downplays reported release of ‘torture’ victim Zaghari-Ratcliffe

Britain on Sunday played down a report that dual national Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe could be released from years of detention in Iran, after slamming her treatment as “torture”.

In this file photo taken on August 23, 2018 shows Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe (R) embracing her daughter Gabriella in Damavand, Iran following her release from prison for three days. – Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson on April 26, 2021 hit out at reports that dual national Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe had been sentenced to an extra year in prison in Tehran. Free Nazanin campaign / AFP

The government said talks were still continuing, after Iranian state TV said she could be freed soon as part of a wider prisoner release and the repayment by Britain of an old debt.

“We continue to explore options to resolve this 40-year-old case and will not comment further as legal discussions are ongoing,” a Foreign Office spokesperson said, in reference to the debt.

The British-Iranian woman has been held in Iran since 2016. In late April, she was sentenced to a year’s imprisonment and banned from leaving the country for a further 12 months.

Her husband Richard Ratcliffe said he had heard talk of a prisoner swap and payments, amid ongoing nuclear negotiations between Iran and Western countries.

“But we haven’t been given any private indication that an agreement is close,” he told AFP. “I don’t think Nazanin would have been sentenced if we were.” 

Speaking earlier Sunday before the Iranian report emerged, British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said Zaghari-Ratcliffe was being held “unlawfully” and “being treated in the most abusive” way.

“I think it amounts to torture the way she’s being treated, and there is a very clear, unequivocal obligation on the Iranians to release her,” he told BBC television.

Ratcliffe argues his wife is being held hostage as part of a diplomatic stratagem.

“I think it’s very difficult to argue against that characterisation,” Raab said, going further than previous UK denunciations over the case.

“It is clear that she is subjected to a cat and mouse game that the Iranians, or certainly part of the Iranian system, engage with and they try and use her for leverage on the UK.”

Tank debt

Richard Ratcliffe has linked his wife’s plight to a British debt of £400 million ($550 million, 460 million euros) for army tanks paid for by the shah of Iran. 

When the shah was ousted in the 1979 revolution, Britain refused to deliver the tanks to the new Islamic republic. 

London admits it owes Iran over the contract involving a British intermediate company, International Military Services (IMS), but is reportedly constrained by international sanctions in its ability to repay.

“We recognise the IMS debt should be repaid and we’re looking at arrangements for securing that,” Raab told Times Radio.

But he said the nuclear talks with Iran and its upcoming presidential elections formed a difficult backdrop in all negotiations. 

Dual-national detainees including Zaghari-Ratcliffe “shouldn’t be held as leverage in any negotiations”, the minister added. “It’s just a basic moral decency.”

Zaghari-Ratcliffe, 42, appeared in court last month to face new charges of “propaganda against the system”, a week after she finished a five-year sentence for plotting to overthrow the regime, accusations she strenuously denies.

Richard Ratcliffe said the family hoped she could at least serve any new sentence under house arrest, with her parents in Tehran. But the situation was “bleak”, he told AFP last week.

Daughter’s calendar

Zaghari-Ratcliffe was initially detained while on holiday in Iran in 2016, when she was working as a project manager for the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the news agency and data firm’s philanthropic wing.

She has been under house arrest in recent months and had her ankle tag removed, giving her more freedom of movement and allowing her to visit other relatives in Tehran.

Iranian authorities deny that Zaghari-Ratcliffe has been mistreated.

Richard Ratcliffe said secretive court hearings in London over the tank debt had again been postponed last week, and noted the personal toll suffered by the family.

Ahead of Christmas, their young daughter Gabriella made an advent calendar to count down the expected end of her mother’s previous five-year sentence.

“We have not yet discussed with her what two more years without mummy means,” he said in an article published Saturday on the website Declassified UK.

“Though again she wants me to sleep in her room at night.”

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